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Carotenoid


DATA No : VCA1168 INFORMANT : Shinichi Takaichi

NAME : y,y-Caroten-16-ol

COMMON NAME: Lycoxanthin/ Lycopen-16-ol
SYMBOL:
FORMULA: C40H56O MOL.WT (average) : 552.872


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BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
MELTING POINT:173-174 degC

BOILING POINT:

REFRACTIVE INDEX:

OPTICAL ROTATION:

DENSITY:

SOLUBILITY:
SPECTRAL DATA
UV SPECTRA:lmax (nm): acetone 448, 476, 508 (Ref. 1322); acetone 448, 474, 505; petroleum ether 443, 469, 500 (Ref. 1324)

IR SPECTRA:(Ref. 1322/1324)

NMR SPECTRA:(Ref. 1322/1323/1324)

MASS SPECTRA:(Ref. 0059/1324)

OTHER SPECTRA:
CHROMATOGRAM DATA

SOURCE
Ripe berries of Solanum dulcamara (Ref. 1322/1323)
CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS
(Ref. 1324)
METABOLISM

GENETIC INFORMATION

NOTE
Lycoxanthin is a rare carotenoid, while rhodopin is found in purple photosynthetic bacteria.
REFERENCES
[0059]
AUTHOR:Enzell,C.R.,Francis,G.W., and Liaaen-Jensen,S.
TITLE:Mass Spectrometric Studies of Carotenoids 2. A Survey of Fragmentation Reactions
JOURNAL:Acta Chim. Scand.
VOL:23 PAGE : 727 -750 (1969)
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[1322]
AUTHOR:Markham, M.C., Liaaen-Jensen, S.
TITLE:Carotenoids of higher plants: 1. The structures of lycoxanthin and lycophyll
JOURNAL:Phytochemistry
VOL:7 PAGE : 839 -844 (1968)
[TOP]

[1323]
AUTHOR:Kelly, M., Andresen, S.A., Liaaen-Jensen, S.
TITLE:Carotenoids of higher plants: 4. The stereochemistry of lycoxanthin and lycophyll
JOURNAL:Acta Chem. Scand.
VOL:25 PAGE : 1607 -1614 (1971)
[TOP]

[1324]
AUTHOR:Kjøsen, H., Liaaen-Jensen, S.
TITLE:Carotenoids of higher plants: 6. Total synthesis of lycoxanthin and lycophyll
JOURNAL:Acta Chem. Scand.
VOL:26 PAGE : 4121 -4129 (1972)
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Last updated June 19, 2007. Copyright © 1989-2007 Japanese Conference on the Biochemistry of Lipids (JCBL). All rights reserved.