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Wax


DATA No : WWA2401 INFORMANT : Ken-ichi Tomita

NAME : Orange Roughy oil

COMMON NAME: Orange Roughy oil (Ref. 0017) / (Ref. 0018) / (Ref. 0040) / (Ref. 0080) / (Ref. 0081) / (Ref. 0082)
SYMBOL:
FORMULA: Mixture MOL.WT (average) :
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
Uses
Orange roughy oil spreads extremely well so it is used widely in cosmetics for milky lotion, creams, lipsticks, foundations, shampoos, rinses, etc. It is also used as a raw material for industrial oil preparations.
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
MELTING POINT:

BOILING POINT:Iodine Value 73-89 (Ref. 0017) (Ref. 0005)

REFRACTIVE INDEX:Acid Value Not more than 1 (Ref. 0017) (Method 1, 10g) (Ref. 0003)

OPTICAL ROTATION:Saponification Value 98-108 (Ref. 0017) (Ref. 0004)

DENSITY:

SOLUBILITY:Properties
Orange Roughy oil is a colorless to pale yellow, transparent, oily liquid. It has a faint characteristic odor. (Ref. 0017)
SPECTRAL DATA
UV SPECTRA:

IR SPECTRA:IR Spectrum
[Spectrum 0037] (Ishiwata Katsumi Shiseido Research Center 1997 )
Infrared absorption spectrum measurement Operation conditions, Equipment: Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer FTS-40 (Biorad Co., Ltd.) , Resolution: 8 cm-1, Integration factor: 64, Wave number range: 400cm-1-4000cm-1, Sample treatment: Potassium bromide tablets or liquid film .

NMR SPECTRA:12C-NMR Spectrum
[Spectrum 0038] (Nishiya Hiroshi Shiseido Research Center 1993 )
12C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry operation conditions, Equipment: JEOL-EX400 (Japan Electronics Co., Ltd. ), Standard substance: Tetramethylsilane (0.00 ppm ), Irradiation mode: 1H full irradiation, Measurement temperature: 40degC,Deuterium solvent: Deuterium chloroform.

MASS SPECTRA:GC/MS Spectrum
[Spectra 0039/0040/0041/0042] (Kanda Kenji Shiseido Research Center 1995 )
Gas chromatograph- mass spectrometry operation conditions,Equipment: Gas chromatograph 5980 (Hewlett Packard ), Mass spectrometer: 5970 (Hewlett Packard ),Column: ULTRA ALLOY plus-1 ( HT ) ( Frontier Laboratories Ltd. ), Internal diameter: 0.25 mm, gas chromatograph capillary column joined to a 15 m long metal tube to produce a 0.15 mm thick film of dimethyl silicone as the liquid phase, Column temperature: maintain at 40degC for 3.5 minutes, then raise to 200degC at a rate of 10degC per minute, and then at 20degC per minute up to 350 degC.
Maintain at this temperature for 20 minutes and then raise to 400 degC at a rate of 50 degC per minute. Injection temperature: 320degC , Carrier gas: He Mass range: 40-800, Split ratio: 1: 40, Sample treatment: add 100 ml N,O-Bis (trimethylsilyl) acetamide to test sample( around 5mg ) and heat at 100degC for 10 minutes, cool and make up to 1.5ml with n-hexane.

OTHER SPECTRA:
CHROMATOGRAM DATA
Gaschromatography
[Chromatograms 0013 / 0014] (Nakahara Kazuyoshi Shiseido Research Center 1997 )
Gas chromatography operation conditions, Equipment: Gas chromatograph 6980 ( Hewlett Packard ), Column: ULTRA ALLOY plus-1 ( HT ) ( Frontier Laboratories Ltd. ), Internal diameter: 0.50 mm, gas chromatograph capillary column joined to a 15 m long metal tube to produce a 0.50 mm thick film of dimethyl silicone as the liquid phase, Column temperature: maintain at 60 degC for 2 minutes, then raise to 370 degC at a rate of 20 degC per minute and maintainat this temperature for 12.5 minutes , Detector: FID, 380 degC, Injection temperature: 370 degC, Injection volume: 1 ml, Carrier gas: He, 33 kpa, 10ml/min. (at 40 degC ), Splitless: purge start time 2 min. Sample solution: 1 % isopentane/ pyridine ( 9:1 ) solution or 1 % isopentane solution .
SOURCE
Origin : The catching of the deep sea teleost fish orange roughy ( Hoplostetbus atranticus), black oreo ( Allocyttus sp. ) and small spined oreo ( Pseudocyttus maculatus ) from depths of up to 1,200 m has recently been commercialized within the New Zealand 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zone. The orange roughy is caught primarily for its white edible flesh, but increasing importance is being placed on the oil from this and other species. The species H. atlanticus, thought to be the same as the single example of a fish called H. gilcbristi, was found by Mori et al. to contain wax esters exclusively in the muscle lipids. Other work confirmed that the oil found in the muscle lipid of orange roughy is predominantly wax esters, with a minor amount of triacylglycerols.
The oils, or more correctly liquid waxes, are obtained as by-products from the fish and can be recovered from fish waste either at sea-or shore-based plants. The lipid fraction of the deep water fish species orange roughy ( Hoplostetbus atlanticus ), black oreo ( Allocyttus sp. ) and small spined oreo ( Pseudocyttus maculatus) had wax esters with even carbon numbers over the range C30 to C46 as the major components.
Gas chromatographic composition of the wax ester fraction of the total lipid of orange roughy ( H. atlanticus ), black oreo ( Allocyttus sp. ), small spined oreo ( P. maculatus ). (Ref. 0018)
[Table 0001]
CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS

METABOLISM

GENETIC INFORMATION

NOTE

REFERENCES
[0003]
AUTHOR:The Japanese Standards of Cosmetic Ingredients Second Edition (1985) pp479-480, YAKUJI NIPPO, LTD.
TITLE:
JOURNAL:
VOL: PAGE : - ()
[TOP]

[0004]
AUTHOR:The Japanese Standards of Cosmetic Ingredients Second Edition (1985) pp592, YAKUJI NIPPO, LTD.
TITLE:
JOURNAL:
VOL: PAGE : - ()
[TOP]

[0005]
AUTHOR:The Japanese Standards of Cosmetic Ingredients Second Edition (1985) pp503-504, YAKUJI NIPPO, LTD.
TITLE:
JOURNAL:
VOL: PAGE : - ()
[TOP]

[0017]
AUTHOR:The Japanese Cosmetic Ingredients Codex (1993) pp537, YAKUJI NIPPO, LTD.
TITLE:
JOURNAL:
VOL: PAGE : - ()
[TOP]

[0018]
AUTHOR:BUISON, D. H., Body, D. R., Dougherty, G. J., Eyres, L., and Vlieg, P.
TITLE:Oil from deep water fish species as a substitute for sperm whale and jojoba oils.
JOURNAL:J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc.,
VOL:599 PAGE : 390 -395 (1982)
[TOP]

[0040]
AUTHOR:Spencer, G. F, Plattner, R.D,
TITLE:Compositional analysis of natural wax ester mixtures by Tandem mass spectrometry
JOURNAL:J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc.,
VOL:611 PAGE : 90 -94 (1984)
[TOP]

[0080]
AUTHOR:Sekiguchi Youichi
TITLE:A special character and utilization of orange roughy oil
JOURNAL:Fragrance Journal
VOL:1712 PAGE : 36 -38 (1989)
[TOP]

[0081]
AUTHOR:Hayashi K. et al
TITLE:Occurrence of unusually high level of wax ester in deep- sea Teleost fish muscle,Hoplostethus atlanticus.
JOURNAL:Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish.,
VOL:46 PAGE : 459 -463 (1980)
[TOP]

[0082]
AUTHOR:Mori M. et al
TITLE:Two species of Teleosts having wax ester or diacyl glyceryl esters in the muscle as a major lipid
JOURNAL:Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish.,
VOL:44 PAGE : 363 -367 (1978)
[TOP]

Last updated June 19, 2007. Copyright © 1989-2007 Japanese Conference on the Biochemistry of Lipids (JCBL). All rights reserved.